T-State Troubles

The moment of decision has finally come, 50 years after the demand for a separate Telangana state was originally made. A moment that comes but rarely in history – the moment when an age-old dream turns into ground reality and the sacrifices of thousands becomes meaningful – has materialized.

Andhra Pradesh has seen some fiery protests over this issue
Not much water has passed in the River Krishna since the long-awaited decision of the Congress Working Committee (CWC) over this Telangana quandary was finally announced. But its counter reaction is manifesting itself fiercely in Seemandhra, i.e. Coastal Andhra and Rayalseema which together along with Telangana make up Andhra Pradesh.

The population of these two regions has always been daggers drawn to the idea of a separate Telangana state for various reasons. Political leaders are only aggravating the issue, stoking the fire. While Telangana is drowned in a sea of jubilation, Seemandhra is burning bright. But here's why the carving out of Telangana is a win-win situation for both the states - Andhra and Telangana in the long-run.

Traditionally, it's always been Coastal Andhra which has been more prosperous than Telangana by virtue of being ruled directly by the British unlike Telangana which was under the Nizam of Hyderabad. Even up to today, the situation is the same. Rayalseema, is even more impoverished than Telangana, but is too small to be politically and economically viable as a separate state.

After independence, Hyderabad was chosen as the capital of a united Andhra for it already had the necessary infrastructure thanks to the Nizam. The people of Coastal Andhra, being comparatively rich poured in their money into this city, which served as the powerhouse of united Andhra's economic prowess. Now that there's a split, a flight of capital is inevitable. In the next ten years, we all can expect Seemandhra investors to pull out their money to invest in the new capital of Seemandhra, wherever it shall be.

So we can expect all of Seemandhra’s cities to reap the benefits of this split in the next ten years. While Coastal Andhra might lose a large part of its water resources, it shall be more than compensated by its lengthy coastline. Already in the past few years we have seen a healthy investment in ports in Coastal Andhra. We can expect the boom to get a renewed push by the new government. What Andhra loses shall be more than repaid for by virtue of its coastline and its new capital and the new jobs which shall be created as a result of the administrative split.
A Resurgent Hyderabad :Political Stability is back

The flight of capital from Hyderabad to Coastal Andhra by now way means that we will witness a downfall in Hyderabad. In the past few years, there has been a decline in Hyderabad's investment and position as a software hub thanks to political instability. Now that we shall see after 10 years, renewed stability we can expect it to regain its former glory. Also of course, there shall be a huge job creation process thanks to the setting up of a new administration. And Telangana shall get its precious water resources, giving a fillip to agricultural activities there.

So in the long-term both Seemandhra and Telangana have a lot to gain from this potential split. If the political hurdles are crossed, both Telangana and Seemandhra shall be reaping economic benefits from this split. It's time both parties realize this and accept it. Here’s hoping they join hands together and accept Telangana as the 29th child of Mother India.


  1. Even though your blog is well written and lucid, I think you are taking only advantages into consideration. In my opinion, emergence of Telangana will trigger (rather already have triggered) demands of new states which is certainly not good for unity and peace of our country in short-term as well as in long-term.
    with regards,
    Sadashiv Pradhan.

    1. What you have to know is that Telangana issue is entirely different compared to the other demands.The very merger of Andhra and Telangana was forced and such forced mergers would not last long as it is proven in this case.

    2. I request you to explain in detail how it is different?

    3. I think Kak has a valid point here. The unification of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana was protested right when the merger happened. The economic disparities and the relative prosperity of the Coastal Andhraites was thought of by the Telanganaites as advantageous to them and they rightly feared that the people of Seemandhra would prosper in united Andhra Pradesh more than Telanganaites.

  2. Thank you! Your words have been most encouraging.
    Well I agree with you on the fact that it will trigger demands for new states which isn't good for our country but that is by no means an excuse for us to deny them a state of their own. According to me, though since the merits of this split outnumber the negatives, I haven take a stand for it. I would be most ready to converse about it if you are willing to.
    Thanking you,
    Ravichandra Tadigadapa

  3. The uproar of Seema-Andhra people is of two reasons
    1. Capital 2. Sharing of Water Resources.

    1. Considering the backwardness of Rayalaseema and North Andhra (utharaandhra) is there any assurance after 4 - 5 decades the formed Seema-Andhra state fight for the new-state and capital again?

    2. There are no assurances from the cabinet about this. Being agricultural powerhouse of the nation this will be pivotal for the development of Coastal Andhra. I dind't understand how the lengthy coastal line compensate the water issues (referring to Para 4 starting lines).

    Some more issues

    1. As was mentioned by you the first wave of investment in Hyderabad has been largely (except one or two) from the Seemaandhra people. No political leader from Telangana has mentioned about the investors after bifurcation. Though I didn't mean no one will come forward for investing but lacking a plan for attracting investors will be a blow to them in the near future.

    The mentioned revenue of Hyderabad include the taxes of Seema-Andhra (13 districts). So merely saying the development of Telangana basing on the Hyderabad revenue will prove foolish.

    2. Telangana state will face a serious power crisis. And the solution mentioned by Mr. KCR two days ago prove wrong. Though Chattisgarh is a power surplus state giving 5000 MW per annum is not a joke. And I really don't understand the phrase "His people went and talk to Chattisgarh officials". FYI power distribution among states should get approval form the Union Government.

    3. And building a new capital is not a joke !!! Having seen 3 Capitals in last 5 decades it is really worst thing any one can expect in this world. I really feel pity for myself.

    Why do you want to bifurcate a state which is doing and dip yourself (including both states formed) into crisis(economical and all other forms) saying let us hope our fortunes in the new state???

    And I strongly agree with your view of small states. But in this case I believe it doesn't hold good. Due to the uneven spread of resources (human, mineral, financially) in the Andhra Pradesh.

    Thanking you
    Sri Harish

    1. Your points are extremely valid and I understand your fears over this split. Still, I persist in my support to the bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh.
      Here are my arguments over the issues you have raised -
      1. I don't really think that is realistic. It's never happened before. Once the split takes shape, there is no going back and every one knows and understands that. It's like asking Pakistan for unification with India more than 65 years after Partition.

      2. Issues will definitely be worked out after the split takes place. Discussions will take place between the state governments and the Union Government. There will definitely be no undue bias, both shall get their deserved share. When I talked about the coastline, I meant that Seemandhra's ports shall become the force which bolsters it's economic growth. Perhaps we will see a marked shift from it's primarily agrarian economy into a more industrialized economy. Anyway, I don't expect Seemandhra to be completely starved of water for irrigation. Every politician knows that it is the agrarian power house of India.

      3. Yes, as I pointed out many of the investors are from Seemandhra. They will now pull back and invest in their own homelands. Definitely, Hyderabad shall be adversely affected but the political stability that shall com out of this split (no more fiery protests and bandhs) shall allow software companies to return to it.

      4. See, even if there is a separate Telangana which is a power-starved state, the total net electricity production in India will be the same. Here's where Seemandhra's excess power can help (it generates 10,500 MW in comparison to it's demand of 9,000 MW). Even Chattisgarh is a power-surplus state. Besides in the long run, Telangana can develop it's own power generation facilities.

      5.Agreed! It's definitely not a joke. But Seemandhra has a few cities which can be prospective state capitals. They just need to be developed further. Yes, this will cost money but there's no doubt that this will be paid for by the Union Government (politicians are already making demands for special packages for Seemandhra to build the capital). It's unfortunate that Seemandhra shall have three state capitals in 65 years but this is a permanent solution.

      All the problems that you have mentioned are short-term and medium-term problems. As I mentioned it is the long-term which appears brighter than the rest. I hope you are satisfied with my answers.

      Thanking you,
      Ravichandra Tadigadapa


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