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A Lame-Duck Organization

The United Nations Organization is the world's most important global body, with 193 member countries, spread across the world. Formed in 1945, this organization is arguably the world's most influential and powerful body. But is it really as effective and efficient as it should be? Not really.

A thorough analysis of the UN  and it's working goes to show that the United Nations is hardly working the way it should be. It remains to be working the same way it was way back in 1945, when it was founded by 51 countries. In these 68 years, the world around it is has changed drastically but the UN remains the same old hopelessly outdated organization.

Since formation, the Charter of the United Nations has been amended only five times, most of them being to accommodate the increasing number of countries which joined the UN. The UN has avoided taking even one single major decision to improve it's efficiency.

The primary reason for the formation of the United Nations, was to prevent a repeat of the disastrous World Wars. Today, the UN's means and signifies much more than that. The purpose of the UN is now to give representation to every community at the global level. The UN aims to improve the condition of millions of underprivileged people across the globe. It aims to promote universal brotherhood and a community where everyone has equal opportunities and not a lopsided one as we have today.

The UN has become an international forum for discussing any issue which commands international attention. Yet, there are so many states that today are unrepresented at this international stage. So is the UN actually a forum for all the people of the world? Definitely not.

Somaliland, an autonomous region of Somalia, declared independence from it way back in 1991. Since then, the Government of Somaliland has been ruling that area. For 22 years, the people of Somaliland have virtually lived in international isolation. My argument here is not to urge countries to recognize Somaliland but to give Somaliland some sort of representation at the United Nations.

There are a bunch of other states including The Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh, Transnistria, Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, North Cyprus, Kosovo and notably Palestine and Taiwan which face a similar problem. All these unrecognized states are governed by themselves but aren't represented properly at the UN with the sole exception being Palestine, which is an observer.

It is absolutely wrong to isolate these people from the UN. The UN should be representing the world's people not the world's countries. There is a huge difference between the two, which is often underestimated and neglected. We should be able to claim 100% representation of the world's population. That's what the UN should ideally stand for. Sadly, this doesn't happen.

 The most important and actually the only decision making body of the UN is the Security Council. The crux of this Council are the Permanent 5 members (US, UK, Russia, France and China). These 5 countries have given themselves the right to veto any decision of the  Security Council.

This effectively means that the fate of the world has been placed in the palms of these 5 countries for the sole reason that they were the victors of the 2nd World War. This idea is absolutely outdated, the world's dynamics have changed and some of these countries are no longer the economic superpowers they once were.

Besides these 5 countries only represent a measly 27.4 % of the world's population. No representation has been given to Africa, South America, Australia and large swathes of Asia. There is not one single Islamic country in these 5, even though Islam is the second-largest religion in the world.

Another important problem which the UN faces is an extensive policy paralysis. Throughout the Cold War and it's various associated crisis, the UN was sitting like a lame duck. The UN couldn't manage to pass any resolutions pertaining to these topics due to the simple reason that a US supported resolution would be vetoed by the USSR and vice-versa.

Even today, there is a policy paralysis on Syria. Russia, a strong ally of the Assad Government constantly vetoes any resolution which aids the rebels there. Meanwhile the USA will block any moves to allow Palestine to become a full-member while China tries to keep Taiwan out of the UN and Japan out of the Security Council. Each one has their own axe to grind and doesn't really give hoots to the other countries.

The League of Nations failed miserably due to two important reasons. Firstly, it didn't have any decision making body like the UNSC and secondly, it had limited members. While the UN doesn't have these factors at play, with the passage of time it looks like the SC is soon going to become a lame-duck council, where almost every decisive resolution is vetoed. And when that happens, World War 3 is imminent.

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